Quran 21:30: The Big Bang Theory.

Reference: Quran: Al-Anbya 21:30

Quran: Al-Anbya 21:30
Translation: Dr. Mustafa Khattab, the Clear Quran

Do the disbelievers not realize that the heavens and earth were ˹once˺ one mass then We split them apart? And We created from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?

Translation: Saheeh International

Have those who disbelieved not considered that the heavens and the earth were a joined entity, and then We separated them and made from water every living thing? Then will they not believe?

أَوَلَمْ يَرَ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوٓا۟ أَنَّ ٱلسَّمَوَتِ وَٱلْأَرْضَ كَانَتَا رَتْقًۭا فَفَتَقْنَهُمَا ۖ وَجَعَلْنَا مِنَ ٱلْمَآءِ كُلَّ شَىْءٍ حَىٍّ ۖ أَفَلَا يُؤْمِنُونَ

Reference  : Quran: Al-Anbya 21:30

Note: The Big Bang Theory first appeared in scientific form in 1931 in a paper by Georges Lemaître

Quran 51:47: The universe is expanding.
Quran: Adh-Dhariyat 51:47
Translation: Dr. Mustafa Khattab, the Clear Quran

We built the universe with ˹great˺ might, and We are certainly expanding ˹it˺.

Translation: Saheeh International

And the heaven We constructed with strength, and indeed, We are [its] expander.

وَٱلسَّمَآءَ بَنَيْنَهَا بِأَيْي۟دٍۢ وَإِنَّا لَمُوسِعُونَ

Reference  : Quran: Adh-Dhariyat 51:47

Note: The expansion of the universe was discovered by Edwin Hubble in 1929

Quran 36:40: The Sun and the Moon travel on independent orbits

Reference: Quran: Ya-Sin 36:40

Quran: Ya-Sin 36:40
Translation: Dr. Mustafa Khattab, the Clear Quran

It is not for the sun to catch up with the moon, nor does the night outrun the day. Each is travelling in an orbit of their own.

Translation: Yusuf Ali

It is not permitted to the Sun to catch up the Moon, nor can the Night outstrip the Day: Each (just) swims along in (its own) orbit (according to Law).

‏لَا ٱلشَّمْسُ يَنۢبَغِى لَهَآ أَن تُدْرِكَ ٱلْقَمَرَ وَلَا ٱلَّيْلُ سَابِقُ ٱلنَّهَارِ ۚ وَكُلٌّۭ فِى فَلَكٍۢ يَسْبَحُونَ

Reference  : Quran: Ya-Sin 36:40

Note: In 1512 Nicholas Copernicus forwarded his Heliocentric theory of planatery motion, stating that the Sun was the center of the solar system with planets revolving around it. It was not until Harlow Shapley in 1918 that we confirmed definitively that the sun was not the center of the universe, and that it revolves around the Milky Way. While the moon rotates around the Earth, the Sun, and our Solar System rotates around the Milky Way Galaxy - each, the sun and the moon, traveling in it's own independent orbit, without disrupting the harmony of night and day that we experience on Earth.

Quran 21:33: Heavenly bodies rotate on their axes to produce night and day.

Reference: Quran: Al-Anbya 21:33

Quran: Al-Anbya 21:33
Translation: Ahmed Ali

It is He who created night and day, the sun and the moon, revolving on its orbit.

Translation: Yusuf Ali

It is He Who created the Night and the Day, and the sun and the moon: all (the celestial bodies) swim along, each in its rounded course.

‏وَهُوَ ٱلَّذِى خَلَقَ ٱلَّيْلَ وَٱلنَّهَارَ وَٱلشَّمْسَ وَٱلْقَمَرَ ۖ كُلٌّۭ فِى فَلَكٍۢ يَسْبَحُونَ

Reference  : Quran: Al-Anbya 21:33

Note: In 1609 Johannes Kepler stated that planets move around the Sun in elliptical orbits, they also rotate upon their axes at regular speeds. The rotation of the earth on its axis was necessary to correctly explain the sequence of night and day. The word yasbahoon implies each body is not only on its own course, but is rotating along that course. By tracking the spots on the surface of the Sun, it has been proven that the Sun rotates on its axis. Note that the grammar in this verse indicates that the night and day are independent from the sun and the moon and dispells a causal link between the orbits of the sun and the moon, and the cause of day and night. Philolaus (470–385 BCE) was first to postulate that the earth rotated, but this idea was rejected by Aristotle and Claudius Ptolomy (2nd century CE). The rotation of earth was confirmed empirically by Léon Foucault in 1851.

Quran 34:3: Acknowledging the existence of "unseen" Sub Atomic Particles

Reference: Quran: Saba 34:3

Quran: Ya-Sin 34:3
Translation: Dr. Mustafa Khattab, the Clear Quran

The disbelievers say, “The Hour will never come to us.” Say, ˹O Prophet,˺ “Yes—by my Lord, the Knower of the unseen — it will certainly come to you!” Not ˹even˺ an atom’s weight is hidden from Him in the heavens or the earth; nor anything smaller or larger than that, but is ˹written˺ in a perfect Record.

Translation: Pickthall

Those who disbelieve say: The Hour will never come unto us. Say: Nay, by my Lord, but it is coming unto you surely. (He is) the Knower of the Unseen. Not an atom's weight, or less than that or greater, escapeth Him in the heavens or in the earth, but it is in a clear Record.

‏وَقَالَ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا۟ لَا تَأْتِينَا ٱلسَّاعَةُۖ قُلْ بَلَىٰ وَرَبِّى لَتَأْتِيَنَّكُمْ عَلِمِ ٱلْغَيْبِۖ لَا يَعْزُبُ عَنْهُ مِثْقَالُ ذَرَّةٍۢ فِى ٱلسَّمَوَتِ وَلَا فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ وَلَآ أَصْغَرُ مِن ذَلِكَ وَلَآ أَكْبَرُ إِلَّا فِى كِتَبٍۢ مُّبِينٍۢ

Reference  : Quran: Saba 34:3

Note: Since the Ancient Greeks, it was philosophized that the smallest unit of matter was the atom. According to this idea, if one were to take a lump of matter and cut it into ever smaller pieces, one would eventually reach a point where the pieces could not be further cut into anything smaller. The Ancient Greeks called these hypothetical ultimate particles of matter atomos, a word which meant "uncut". Near the end of 19th century, physicists discovered that atoms are not, in fact, the fundamental particles of nature, but conglomerates of even smaller particles. The first subatomic particle, particles smaller than the atom, to be identified was the electron, in 1898. Ten years later, Ernest Rutherford discovered that atoms have a very dense nucleus, which contains protons. In 1932, James Chadwick discovered the neutron, another particle located within the nucleus. The existence of Quarks was first theorized in 1964, and were later discovered experimentally in 1968 at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center.

Quran 25:59: Space is not empty
Quran: Al-Furqan 25:59
Translation: Dr. Mustafa Khattab, the Clear Quran

˹He is˺ the One Who created the heavens and the earth and everything in between in six Days, then established Himself on the Throne. ˹He is˺ the Most Compassionate! Ask ˹none other than˺ the All-Knowledgeable about Himself.

Translation: Saheeh International

He who created the heavens and the earth and what is between them in six days and then established Himself above the Throne - the Most Merciful, so ask about Him one well informed [i.e., the Prophet (ﷺ)].

ٱلَّذِى خَلَقَ ٱلسَّمَوَتِ وَٱلْأَرْضَ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا فِى سِتَّةِ أَيَّامٍۢ ثُمَّ ٱسْتَوَىٰ عَلَى ٱلْعَرْشِ ۚ ٱلرَّحْمَنُ فَسْـَٔلْ بِهِۦ خَبِيرًۭا

Reference  : Quran: Al-Furqan 25:59


1. Quran 22:47: "A single day with your lord is like a thousand years of what you count."

2. A point in outer space is a vaccum containing a low density of particles, predominantly a plasma of hydrogen and helium, a wind of charged particles from the stars, light from stars, cosmic rays, radiation left over from the Big Bang, gravity, electric and magnetic fields, and neutrinos from nuclear reactions.

Quran 36:38: The Sun will eventually extinguish

Reference: Quran: Ya-Sin 36:38

Quran: Ya-Sin 36:38
Translation: Yusuf Ali

And the sun runs his course for a period determined for him: that is the decree of (Him), the Exalted in Might, the All-Knowing.

Translation: Pickthall

And the sun runneth on unto a resting-place for him. That is the measuring of the Mighty, the Wise.

وَٱلشَّمْسُ تَجْرِى لِمُسْتَقَرٍّۢ لَّهَا ۚ ذَلِكَ تَقْدِيرُ ٱلْعَزِيزِ ٱلْعَلِيمِ

Reference  : Quran: Ya-Sin 36:38
Quran 57:25: Iron came down to Earth.

Reference: Quran: Al-Hadid 57:25

Quran: Al-Hadid 57:25
Translation: Dr. Mustafa Khattab, the Clear Quran

Indeed, We sent Our messengers with clear proofs, and with them We sent down the Scripture and the balance ˹of justice˺ so that people may administer justice. And We sent down iron with its great might, benefits for humanity, and means for Allah to prove who ˹is willing to˺ stand up for Him and His messengers without seeing Him. Surely Allah is All-Powerful, Almighty.

لَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا رُسُلَنَا بِٱلْبَيِّنَتِ وَأَنزَلْنَا مَعَهُمُ ٱلْكِتَبَ وَٱلْمِيزَانَ لِيَقُومَ ٱلنَّاسُ بِٱلْقِسْطِ ۖ وَأَنزَلْنَا ٱلْحَدِيدَ فِيهِ بَأْسٌۭ شَدِيدٌۭ وَمَنَفِعُ لِلنَّاسِ وَلِيَعْلَمَ ٱللَّهُ مَن يَنصُرُهُۥ وَرُسُلَهُۥ بِٱلْغَيْبِ ۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ قَوِىٌّ عَزِيزٌۭ

Reference  : Quran: Al-Hadid 57:25

Note: Most of the native iron on earth is actually not in fact "native" to Earth. It mainly comes from iron-nickel meteorites that formed millions of years ago but were preserved by the vacuum of space, and fell to the earth a relatively short time ago.

Geology and Plate Tectonics
Quran 27:88: Now you see the mountains, thinking they are firmly fixed, but they are travelling just like clouds.

Reference: Quran: An-Naml 27:88

Quran: An-Naml 27:88
Translation: Dr. Mustafa Khattab, the Clear Quran

Now you see the mountains, thinking they are firmly fixed, but they are travelling ˹just˺ like clouds. ˹That is˺ the design of Allah, Who has perfected everything. Surely He is All-Aware of what you do.

وَتَرَى ٱلْجِبَالَ تَحْسَبُهَا جَامِدَةًۭ وَهِىَ تَمُرُّ مَرَّ ٱلسَّحَابِ ۚ صُنْعَ ٱللَّهِ ٱلَّذِىٓ أَتْقَنَ كُلَّ شَىْءٍ ۚ إِنَّهُۥ خَبِيرٌۢ بِمَا تَفْعَلُونَ

Reference  : Quran: An-Naml 27:88

Note: Plate Tectonics is the generally accepted scientific theory that considers the Earth's crust to consist of large land masses that float atop mantle, and have been slowly moving for approximately the last 3.4 billion years. It was observed as early as 1596 that the opposite coasts of the Atlantic Ocean (e.g. South America and Africa) have similar shapes and seem to have once fitted together.

Quran 16:15: The mountains prevent the Earth from shaking.

Reference: Quran: An-Nahl 16:15

Quran: An-Nahl 16:15
Translation: Dr. Mustafa Khattab, the Clear Quran

He has placed into the earth firm mountains, so it does not shake with you, as well as rivers, and pathways so you may find your way.

وَأَلْقَىٰ فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ رَوَسِىَ أَن تَمِيدَ بِكُمْ وَأَنْهَرًۭا وَسُبُلًۭا لَّعَلَّكُمْ تَهْتَدُونَ ‎

Reference  : Quran: An-Nahl 16:15
Additional References:

Note: The location where two plates meet is called a plate boundary. Plate boundaries are commonly associated with earthquakes. The creation of mountains and volcanoes by vertical crustal movement is described in what is called the geosynclinal theory. This ultimately creates stability between the plates by drastically slowing their movement. The majority of the world's active volcanoes occur along plate boundaries, with the Pacific Plate's Ring of Fire being the most active and widely known today.

Quran 78:6-7: The mountains are like tent pegs for the Earth

Reference: Quran: An-Naba 78:6-7

Quran: An-Naba 78:6-7
Translation: Dr. Mustafa Khattab, the Clear Quran

Have We not smoothed out the earth ˹like a bed˺,


and ˹made˺ the mountains as ˹its˺ pegs.

أَلَمْ نَجْعَلِ ٱلْأَرْضَ مِهَدًۭا

وَٱلْجِبَالَ أَوْتَادًۭا

Reference  : Quran: An-Naba 78:6-7

Note: The concept that mountains had "roots" was confirmed by George B. Airy in the 1800s, during a study of Himalayan gravitation. The comparison to pegs is an apt description of this feature.

Quran 55:19-20:
Quran: Ar-Rahman 55:19-20
Translation: Yusuf Ali

He has let free the two bodies of flowing water, meeting together:


Between them is a Barrier which they do not transgress

مَرَجَ ٱلْبَحْرَيْنِ يَلْتَقِيَانِ

بَيْنَهُمَا بَرْزَخٌۭ لَّا يَبْغِيَانِ

Reference  : Quran: Ar-Rahman 55:19-20

Note: temperature, salinity, density and oxygen dissolubility,. For example, Mediterranean Sea water is warm, saline and less dense, compared to Atlantic Ocean water.

Quran 27:61:

Reference: Quran: An-Naml 27:61

Quran: An-Naml 27:61
Translation: Dr. Mustafa Khattab, the Clear Quran

Or ˹ask them,˺ “Who made the earth a place of settlement, caused rivers to flow through it, placed firm mountains upon it, and set a barrier between ˹fresh and salt˺ bodies of water? Was it another god besides Allah?” Absolutely not! But most of them do not know.

‏أَمَّن جَعَلَ ٱلْأَرْضَ قَرَارًۭا وَجَعَلَ خِلَلَهَآ أَنْهَرًۭا وَجَعَلَ لَهَا رَوَسِىَ وَجَعَلَ بَيْنَ ٱلْبَحْرَيْنِ حَاجِزًا ۗ أَءِلَهٌۭ مَّعَ ٱللَّهِ ۚ بَلْ أَكْثَرُهُمْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

Reference  : Quran: An-Naml 27:61
Additional References:

This refers to estuaries where salt and fresh waters meet forming brackish water. Although both waters mix together, each still keeps its distinctive qualities of salinity etc.

Quran 24:40:

Reference: Quran: An-Nur 24:40

Quran: An-Nur 24:40
Translation: Dr. Mustafa Khattab, the Clear Quran

Or ˹their deeds are˺ like the darkness in a deep sea, covered by waves upon waves, topped by ˹dark˺ clouds. Darkness upon darkness! If one stretches out their hand, they can hardly see it. And whoever Allah does not bless with light will have no light!

أَوْ كَظُلُمَتٍۢ فِى بَحْرٍۢ لُّجِّىٍّۢ يَغْشَىٰهُ مَوْجٌۭ مِّن فَوْقِهِۦ مَوْجٌۭ مِّن فَوْقِهِۦ سَحَابٌۭ ۚ ظُلُمَتٌۢ بَعْضُهَا فَوْقَ بَعْضٍ إِذَآ أَخْرَجَ يَدَهُۥ لَمْ يَكَدْ يَرَىٰهَا ۗ وَمَن لَّمْ يَجْعَلِ ٱللَّهُ لَهُۥ نُورًۭا فَمَا لَهُۥ مِن نُّورٍ

Reference  : Quran: An-Nur 24:40

Quran 15:22:

Reference: Quran: Al-Hijr 15:22

Quran: Al-Hijr 15:22
Translation: Dr. Mustafa Khattab, the Clear Quran

We send fertilizing winds, and bring down rain from the sky for you to drink. It is not you who hold its reserves.

وَأَرْسَلْنَا ٱلرِّيَحَ لَوَقِحَ فَأَنزَلْنَا مِنَ ٱلسَّمَآءِ مَآءًۭ فَأَسْقَيْنَكُمُوهُ وَمَآ أَنتُمْ لَهُۥ بِخَزِنِينَ

Reference  : Quran: Al-Hijr 15:22

Quran 30:48:

Reference: Quran: Ar-Rum 30:48

Quran: Ar-Rum 30:48
Translation: Dr. Mustafa Khattab, the Clear Quran

It is Allah Who sends the winds, which then stir up ˹vapour, forming˺ clouds, which He then spreads out in the sky or piles up into masses as He wills, from which you see rain come forth. Then as soon as He causes it to fall on whoever He wills of His servants, they rejoice,

ٱللَّهُ ٱلَّذِى يُرْسِلُ ٱلرِّيَحَ فَتُثِيرُ سَحَابًۭا فَيَبْسُطُهُۥ فِى ٱلسَّمَآءِ كَيْفَ يَشَآءُ وَيَجْعَلُهُۥ كِسَفًۭا فَتَرَى ٱلْوَدْقَ يَخْرُجُ مِنْ خِلَلِهِۦ ۖ فَإِذَآ أَصَابَ بِهِۦ مَن يَشَآءُ مِنْ عِبَادِهِۦٓ إِذَا هُمْ يَسْتَبْشِرُونَ

Reference  : Quran: Ar-Rum 30:48

Quran 20:53:

Reference: Quran: Taha 20:53

Quran: Taha 20:53
Translation: Dr. Mustafa Khattab, the Clear Quran

˹He is the One˺ Who has laid out the earth for ˹all of˺ you, and set in it pathways for you, and sends down rain from the sky, causing various types of plants to grow

ٱلَّذِى جَعَلَ لَكُمُ ٱلْأَرْضَ مَهْدًۭا وَسَلَكَ لَكُمْ فِيهَا سُبُلًۭا وَأَنزَلَ مِنَ ٱلسَّمَآءِ مَآءًۭ فَأَخْرَجْنَا بِهِۦٓ أَزْوَجًۭا مِّن نَّبَاتٍۢ شَتَّىٰ

Reference  : Quran: Taha 20:53

Life originates from Water
Quran 24:45: All life was created from Water.

Reference: Quran: An-Nur 24:45

Quran: An-Nur 24:45
Translation: Dr. Mustafa Khattab, the Clear Quran

And Allah has created from water every living creature. Some of them crawl on their bellies, some walk on two legs, and some walk on four. Allah creates whatever He wills. Surely Allah is Most Capable of everything.

وَٱللَّهُ خَلَقَ كُلَّ دَآبَّةٍۢ مِّن مَّآءٍۢ ۖ فَمِنْهُم مَّن يَمْشِى عَلَىٰ بَطْنِهِۦ وَمِنْهُم مَّن يَمْشِى عَلَىٰ رِجْلَيْنِ وَمِنْهُم مَّن يَمْشِى عَلَىٰٓ أَرْبَعٍۢ ۚ يَخْلُقُ ٱللَّهُ مَا يَشَآءُ ۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَىْءٍۢ قَدِيرٌۭ

Reference  : Quran: An-Nur 24:45

Quran 25:54: Man too is created from Water.
Quran: Al-Furqan 25:54
Translation: Yusuf Ali

It is He Who has created man from water: then has He established relationships of lineage and marriage: for thy Lord has power (over all things).

وَهُوَ ٱلَّذِى خَلَقَ مِنَ ٱلْمَآءِ بَشَرًۭا فَجَعَلَهُۥ نَسَبًۭا وَصِهْرًۭا ۗ وَكَانَ رَبُّكَ قَدِيرًۭا

Reference  : Quran: Al-Furqan 25:54

All life has been created in pairs
Quran 51:49: Everything has been created in pairs.
Quran: Adh-Dhariyat 51:49
Translation: Dr. Mustafa Khattab, the Clear Quran

And We created pairs of all things so perhaps you would be mindful.

وَمِن كُلِّ شَىْءٍ خَلَقْنَا زَوْجَيْنِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَكَّرُونَ

Reference  : Quran: Adh-Dhariyat 51:49

For example, male and female, sweet and bitter, day and night, plains and mountains, heat and cold, light and darkness.

Quran 36:36: All things are created in pairs: genders, what the earth produces, or what they do not know.

Reference: Quran: Ya-Sin 36:36

Quran: Ya-Sin 36:36
Translation: Dr. Mustafa Khattab, the Clear Quran

Glory be to the One Who created all ˹things in˺ pairs—˹be it˺ what the earth produces, their genders, or what they do not know!

سُبْحَنَ ٱلَّذِى خَلَقَ ٱلْأَزْوَجَ كُلَّهَا مِمَّا تُنۢبِتُ ٱلْأَرْضُ وَمِنْ أَنفُسِهِمْ وَمِمَّا لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

Reference  : Quran: Ya-Sin 36:36

Note that this has been found to be consistent, even with subatomic particles, which were not known to exist in 632 AD. Matter has antimatter, quarks have anti-quarks, electrons have positrons.

Quran 13:3:

Reference: Quran: Ar-Ra'd 13:3

Quran: Ar-Ra'd 13:3
Translation: Dr. Mustafa Khattab, the Clear Quran

And He is the One Who spread out the earth and placed firm mountains and rivers upon it, and created fruits of every kind in pairs. He covers the day with night. Surely in this are signs for those who reflect.

‏وَهُوَ ٱلَّذِى مَدَّ ٱلْأَرْضَ وَجَعَلَ فِيهَا رَوَسِىَ وَأَنْهَرًۭا ۖ وَمِن كُلِّ ٱلثَّمَرَتِ جَعَلَ فِيهَا زَوْجَيْنِ ٱثْنَيْنِ ۖ يُغْشِى ٱلَّيْلَ ٱلنَّهَارَ ۚ إِنَّ فِى ذَلِكَ لَءَايَتٍۢ لِّقَوْمٍۢ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ

Reference  : Quran: Ar-Ra'd 13:3

Males and females, sweet and bitter, etc

The Animal Kingdom
Quran 6:38: All creatures are created in communities.

Reference: Quran: Al-An'am 6:38

Quran: Al-An'am 6:38
Translation: Tafheem-ul-Quran - Abul Ala Maududi
There is no animal that crawls on the earth, no bird that flies with its two wings, but are communities like you. We have neglected nothing in the Book (of decree). Then to their Lord will they all be mustered
وَمَا مِن دَآبَّةٍۢ فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ وَلَا طَٓئِرٍۢ يَطِيرُ بِجَنَاحَيْهِ إِلَّآ أُمَمٌ أَمْثَالُكُم ۚ مَّا فَرَّطْنَا فِى ٱلْكِتَبِ مِن شَىْءٍۢ ۚ ثُمَّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّهِمْ يُحْشَرُونَ
Reference  : Quran: Al-An'am 6:38

Quran 27:18: Ants communicate with one another.

Reference: Quran: An-Naml 27:18

Quran: An-Naml 27:18
Translation: Dr. Mustafa Khattab, the Clear Quran

And when they came across a valley of ants, an ant warned, “O ants! Go quickly into your homes so Solomon and his armies do not crush you, unknowingly.”

حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَآ أَتَوْا۟ عَلَىٰ وَادِ ٱلنَّمْلِ قَالَتْ نَمْلَةٌۭ يَٓأَيُّهَا ٱلنَّمْلُ ٱدْخُلُوا۟ مَسَكِنَكُمْ لَا يَحْطِمَنَّكُمْ سُلَيْمَنُ وَجُنُودُهُۥ وَهُمْ لَا يَشْعُرُونَ
Reference  : Quran: An-Naml 27:18

Quran 16:69: Honey is made in the belly of the bee.

Reference: Quran: An-Nahl 16:69

Quran: An-Nahl 16:69
Translation: Dr. Mustafa Khattab, the Clear Quran

And your Lord inspired the bees: “Make ˹your˺ homes in the mountains, the trees, and in what people construct,


And feed from ˹the flower of˺ any fruit ˹you please˺ and follow the ways your Lord has made easy for you.” From their bellies comes forth liquid of varying colours, in which there is healing for people. Surely in this is a sign for those who reflect.

وَأَوْحَىٰ رَبُّكَ إِلَى ٱلنَّحْلِ أَنِ ٱتَّخِذِى مِنَ ٱلْجِبَالِ بُيُوتًۭا وَمِنَ ٱلشَّجَرِ وَمِمَّا يَعْرِشُونَ

ثُمَّ كُلِى مِن كُلِّ ٱلثَّمَرَتِ فَٱسْلُكِى سُبُلَ رَبِّكِ ذُلُلًۭا ۚ يَخْرُجُ مِنۢ بُطُونِهَا شَرَابٌۭ مُّخْتَلِفٌ أَلْوَنُهُۥ فِيهِ شِفَآءٌۭ لِّلنَّاسِ ۗ إِنَّ فِى ذَلِكَ لَءَايَةًۭ لِّقَوْمٍۢ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ ‎

Reference  : Quran: An-Nahl 16:69

Quran 16:79: The flight of birds as an example of the power of Allah (swt).

Reference: Quran: An-Nahl 16:79

Quran: An-Nahl 16:79
Translation: Yusuf Ali

Do they not look at the birds, held poised in the midst of (the air and) the sky? Nothing holds them up but (the power of) Allah (swt). Verily in this are signs for those who believe.

أَلَمْ يَرَوْا۟ إِلَى ٱلطَّيْرِ مُسَخَّرَتٍۢ فِى جَوِّ ٱلسَّمَآءِ مَا يُمْسِكُهُنَّ إِلَّا ٱللَّهُ ۗ إِنَّ فِى ذَلِكَ لَءَايَتٍۢ لِّقَوْمٍۢ يُؤْمِنُونَ

Reference  : Quran: An-Nahl 16:79

Note: The notion that the bird is "held" in the sky is consistent with Bernoulli's Principles of flight, which helps explain how heavier-than-air objects can fly. Bernoulli's Principle states that faster moving air has low air pressure and slower moving air has high air pressure, "holding" up a bird or plane in mid air. This gives us insight into the "power of Allah."

Additional References:
Human Embryology
Quran 53:45-46: Both men and women are created from sperm.
Quran: An-Najm 53:45-46
Translation: Yusuf Ali

That He did create in pairs,- male and female,


From a seed (sperm) when lodged (in its place);

وَأَنَّهُۥ خَلَقَ ٱلزَّوْجَيْنِ ٱلذَّكَرَ وَٱلْأُنثَىٰ

مِن نُّطْفَةٍ إِذَا تُمْنَىٰ

Reference  : Quran: An-Najm 53:45-46

The sex of a child is determined by the the X or Y chromosome provided by the male sperm. It is the male sperm that exclusively determines the sex of a child.

Quran 75:37-39: The Sperm drop develops into a clinging clot of blood.
Quran: Al-Qiyamah 75:37-39
Translation: Dr. Mustafa Khattab, the Clear Quran

Were they not ˹once˺ a sperm-drop emitted?


Then they became a clinging clot ˹of blood˺, then He developed and perfected their form,


producing from it both sexes, male and female.

أَلَمْ يَكُ نُطْفَةًۭ مِّن مَّنِىٍّۢ يُمْنَىٰ

ثُمَّ كَانَ عَلَقَةًۭ فَخَلَقَ فَسَوَّىٰ

فَجَعَلَ مِنْهُ ٱلزَّوْجَيْنِ ٱلذَّكَرَ وَٱلْأُنثَىٰٓ

Additional References:
Quran 23:13-14: The zygote, fixed to the womb, develops into a lump of flesh, which develops into bones that are covered with flesh.
Quran: Al-Mu'minun 23:13-14
Translation: Yusuf Ali

Then We placed him as (a drop of) sperm in a place of rest, firmly fixed [i.e. to the womb];


Then We made the sperm into a clot of congealed blood; then of that clot We made a (foetus) lump; then we made out of that lump bones and clothed the bones with flesh; then we developed out of it another creature. So blessed be Allah, the best to create!

ثُمَّ جَعَلْنَهُ نُطْفَةًۭ فِى قَرَارٍۢ مَّكِينٍۢ

ثُمَّ خَلَقْنَا ٱلنُّطْفَةَ عَلَقَةًۭ فَخَلَقْنَا ٱلْعَلَقَةَ مُضْغَةًۭ فَخَلَقْنَا ٱلْمُضْغَةَ عِظَمًۭا فَكَسَوْنَا ٱلْعِظَمَ لَحْمًۭا ثُمَّ أَنشَأْنَهُ خَلْقًا ءَاخَرَ ۚ فَتَبَارَكَ ٱللَّهُ أَحْسَنُ ٱلْخَلِقِينَ

Quran 22:5: The Quran provides a physical description of the Embryo.

Reference: Quran: Al-Hajj 22:5

Quran: Al-Hajj 22:5
Translation: Yusuf Ali

O mankind! if ye have a doubt about the Resurrection, (consider) that We created you out of dust, then out of sperm, then out of a leech-like clot, then out of a morsel of flesh, partly formed and partly unformed, in order that We may manifest (our power) to you; and We cause whom We will to rest in the wombs for an appointed term, then do We bring you out as babes, then (foster you) that ye may reach your age of full strength; and some of you are called to die, and some are sent back to the feeblest old age, so that they know nothing after having known (much), and (further), thou seest the earth barren and lifeless, but when We pour down rain on it, it is stirred (to life), it swells, and it puts forth every kind of beautiful growth (in pairs).

‏يَٓأَيُّهَا ٱلنَّاسُ إِن كُنتُمْ فِى رَيْبٍۢ مِّنَ ٱلْبَعْثِ فَإِنَّا خَلَقْنَكُم مِّن تُرَابٍۢ ثُمَّ مِن نُّطْفَةٍۢ ثُمَّ مِنْ عَلَقَةٍۢ ثُمَّ مِن مُّضْغَةٍۢ مُّخَلَّقَةٍۢ وَغَيْرِ مُخَلَّقَةٍۢ لِّنُبَيِّنَ لَكُمْ ۚ وَنُقِرُّ فِى ٱلْأَرْحَامِ مَا نَشَآءُ إِلَىٰٓ أَجَلٍۢ مُّسَمًّۭى ثُمَّ نُخْرِجُكُمْ طِفْلًۭا ثُمَّ لِتَبْلُغُوٓا۟ أَشُدَّكُمْ ۖ وَمِنكُم مَّن يُتَوَفَّىٰ وَمِنكُم مَّن يُرَدُّ إِلَىٰٓ أَرْذَلِ ٱلْعُمُرِ لِكَيْلَا يَعْلَمَ مِنۢ بَعْدِ عِلْمٍۢ شَيْـًۭٔا ۚ وَتَرَى ٱلْأَرْضَ هَامِدَةًۭ فَإِذَآ أَنزَلْنَا عَلَيْهَا ٱلْمَآءَ ٱهْتَزَّتْ وَرَبَتْ وَأَنۢبَتَتْ مِن كُلِّ زَوْجٍۭ بَهِيجٍۢ

Reference  : Quran: Al-Hajj 22:5

Note: 1. "Partly formed and partly unformed" may refer to stem cells that specialize into specific types of cells.

2. "Leech-like clot" is an extremely accurate representation of the physical characteristcs of an embryo, as well as its behavioural characteristics of leeching nutriants from the mother, as a leech extracts blood from its host.

3. An Illustrated explanation courtesy of